Source: World Health Organization
In 2015, antiretroviral therapy reached 15 million people—the first time a global health treatment target was reached before the agreed deadline. More people started treatment between 2011 and 2015 than in the previous 15 years. These gains must be sustained while concerted efforts are made to close treatment, care and support gaps. 22 million people living with HIV are not accessing antiretroviral therapy.
Among children, access is appalling low. Thirty-two per cent of children living with HIV are receiving treatment; the vast majority of people needing treatment live in sub-Saharan Africa.
In the more than three decades since HIV/AIDS was first discovered, the disease has taken the lives of 35 million people around the world. In 2015 alone, AIDS killed 1.1 million people, 800,000 of whom were living in sub-Saharan Africa. Though life-saving antiretroviral treatment is available, millions of people still cannot access it: just 32% of children who are HIV-positive are currently on treatment in sub-Saharan Africa.. Every day at least 400 children have new HIV Infections in Southern Africa
The HIV is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. As the infection progresses, the immune system becomes weaker, and the person becomes more susceptible to infections.
Sub-Saharan Africa remains most severely affected, with nearly 1 in every 25 adults living with HIV and accounting for nearly 70% of the people living with HIV worldwide.